Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa and until 1997 referred to as Samoa, may be a Polynesian island country consisting of two main islands, Savai’i and Upolu, two smaller inhabited islands, Manono and Apolima, also as several small uninhabited islands including the Aleipata Islands. The capital city is Apia. The Lapita people discovered and settled Samoa around 3,500 years ago. Samoa is a unitary democracy with eleven administrative divisions. The sovereign state is a member of the Commonwealth of countries. The whole island group, which incorporates American Samoa, was called “Navigator Islands” by European explorers before the 20th century due to the Samoans’ seafaring skills. The country was occupied from 1899 until 1915 by the German Empire. Samoa as an economically developing country since 2014. In 2017, Samoa’s gross domestic product in purchasing power parity was estimated to be $1.13 billion U.S. dollars, ranking 204th among all countries. The services sector accounted for 66% of GDP, followed by industry and agriculture at 23.6% and 10.4%, respectively. an equivalent year, the Samoan labor force was estimated at 50,700. The country’s currency is that the Samoan tālā, issued and controlled by the financial institution of Samoa.
The economy of Samoa has traditionally been hooked into agriculture and fishing at the local level. In time, development aid, private family remittances from overseas, and agricultural exports became key factors within the nation’s economy. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut milk, copra oil, noni, and copra. Outside of an outsized automotive wire harness factory, the manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. Tourist arrivals are increasing over the years with quite 100,000 tourists visiting the islands in 2005, up from 70,000 in 1996.